Glaucoma is the name given to a group of diseases that cause a characteristic type of damage to the nerve of sight called the optic nerve. It is often associated with high pressure within the eye. Unfortunately, glaucoma most commonly does not cause any symptoms as it slowly steals your sight. Untreated, glaucoma causes irreversible blindness. The good news is that annual eye exams can quickly and easily detect glaucoma. If present, glaucoma is often easily treated with drops or laser. Rarely, more complex surgery is needed to control glaucoma.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a disease that effects the center of the retina called the macula. The resulting degeneration can lead to severe central (not peripheral) vision loss. There are two types of macular degeneration, dry and wet. Although the wet variety can more commonly lead to severe visual loss, it is also the type that has more effective treatment options available. Regular eye exams can identify whether you are at risk for macular degeneration.


A floater, formally called a posterior vitreous detachment, is often described as a cobweb, a bug or spots moving around a patient’s vision and can be associated with flashes of light. It is due to the gel-like structure within the eye, called the vitreous, becoming more liquid with age, which causes it to suddenly separate from an area or areas of attachment on the wall of the eye. The concern is that when the vitreous separates it could tear or detach the retina, which could lead to serious vision problems, even blindness. Therefore all patients with floaters or flashes of light should be evaluated immediately.

Dry Eye

Dry eye disease is a condition that at it’s simplest causes only mild, occasional discomfort but at it’s most severe can even lead to blindness. Most patients with dry eye disease fall somewhere in the middle of these two extremes leading to impaired quality of life. Common dry eye symptoms include a feeling of irritation in the eye, intermittently blurry vision, burning and tearing. Kresloff Eye Associates has several ways to diagnose and treat dry eye.